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What Is a Personal Loan and How Does It Work?

A personal loan is a sum of money lent to an individual by a bank or private lender for a specific purpose. It's usually unsecured and has a fixed rate of interest. The borrower must agree to the loan rate and terms and make timely monthly payments until the debt is repaid in full. A personal loan can be used to pay off or consolidate debt, cover medical expenditures, or make a significant purchase, among other things.

What Is the Process of Getting a Personal Loan?

Personal loans work by giving money to borrowers who meet certain criteria established by the lender. The money is repaid with interest over time. To repay the loan, the borrower normally makes monthly principal and interest installments. Because the interest rate on a personal loan is usually lower than that on a credit card, it is often a more affordable option.

What Are the Requirements for Getting a Personal Loan?

The loan size, who is lending the money, and the type of loan all influence the qualification requirements for a personal loan. The following are typical personal loan qualification requirements:

  • Typically, a minimum FICO score of 600 is required.
  • monetary requirements
  • Debt-to-income ratio is a measure of how much debt you have compared to how
  • 18+ years old address history for the previous two years
  • Social security number that is valid
  • Bank statements demonstrating proof of income and a good credit history

Personal Loans: How Much Do They Cost?

Origination costs, prepayment penalties, late fees, and administration fees are all fees related with personal loans. Not all lenders, however, charge the same costs. Before taking out a personal loan, make sure to check with the lender. Regardless of the fees charged by the lender, the most significant expense will be the interest you pay. A personal loan's average interest rate is 9.58 percent. 1


There are hundreds, if not thousands, of personal loans to choose from. Before deciding on our top contenders, we researched and reviewed many of them. Based on the loan amount, loan period, associated fees, interest rate, and application process, we selected these specific personal loans as the finest personal loans.